It is suggested you grow them in a place where they can receive plenty of morning sunlight with some shade in the afternoon. One is a naturally occurring variety (C. horizontalis var. But rock cotoneasters really come into their own in autumn, when they bear both attractive fall foliage and berries. Details C. horizontalis is a … It is a fairly slow-growing shrub, taking several years to reach its maximum 3-foot height. Cotoneaster is a deciduous, spreading shrub. It requires well-drained soil and tolerates poor soils in full sun to part shade. It is not necessary to prune cotoneaster plants for the health of the plant, but you may want to do so to contain their spread. While no cotoneaster is a true climber, several can be persuaded to cover walls and fences provided the stems are pinned into position as they grow. In spring, you can still plant saplings purchased in containers, but they will need more regular watering at the beginning. Rock cotoneaster is a drought-tolerant shrub once established. Cotoneaster is derived from an old Latin name meaning 'resembling quince'. It requires well-drained soil and tolerates poor soils in full sun to part shade. This plant is not fussy about soil pH, although it generally performs best in soil with a roughly neutral soil pH. A Chicagoland Grows™ introduction. Within the rock cotoneaster species, there are two varieties to consider. Valuable food source for birds. Jun 12, 2015 - Explore Michele Gill's board "Cotoneaster Bonsai" on Pinterest. Pruning a cotoneaster in this manner is best accomplished in spring. see more; Synonyms Cotoneaster acuminata var. Cotoneaster horizontalis is a species of flowering plant in the genus Cotoneaster of the family Rosaceae. By the following spring, the new specimen will have a good root system and will be ready to plant in the landscape. Greenish to red-brown stems with branchlets arranged in a fishbone pattern. Deciduous. Still, you should always use a light hand when pruning a cotoneaster. The cotoneasters are a diverse group of plants and are roughly divided into ground-cover types (such as Cotoneaster horizontalis) and taller, more upright types. Rock cotoneaster is an easy plant to grow in the sense that, once established, it will survive and thrive largely on its own, provided it doesn't suffer prolonged drought. These spreading shrubs are often used as sprawling rock garden plants, or to cascade over retaining walls or embankments. These plants do well in relatively low humidity; humid weather may cause fungal leaf spots, though this is rarely a life-threatening problem. They have hairs when young but become hailess with age. In its southern reaches, it is semi-evergreen to evergreen. Long leading horizontal branches sweep out gracefully in a strict herring-bone pattern. Genus Cotoneaster can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, entire leaves and clusters of small white or pink flowers in spring and summer, followed by showy red, purple or black berries . Graceful screening or background plant. A mature cotoneaster is one of landscaping's truly tough plants, usually spreading even when neglected. Himalayan cotoneaster is a semi-evergreen shrub with an … form a strategic partnership called N.C. Description. Small, white flowers bloom in spring, followed by red fruit in late summer. Cover the pot with a clear plastic bag or dome, and place it in a bright location. White spring flowers are followed by red fruits that persist into winter. If this is an undesirable trait for you, then you'll need to keep up with your pruning to restrict the bush's spread. perpusillus), which grows only 1 foot tall, making it an ideal ground cover plant. A lovely shrub when flowers and when sunny is the bees best friend. Glossy and green through most of the year, they turn vibrant shades of red and orange in fall. But newly-planted cotoneaster plants need a bit of pampering; be sure to give them plenty of water as they are becoming established. These red berries stay on the branches for a long time and remain attractive into early winter. Horizontalis varieties are found in Western China and are commonly referred to as Rockspray or Wall Cotoneaster. But there are also many species besides C. horizontalis, including: David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. COTONEASTER HORIZONTALIS SEEDS (Rockspray cotoneaster) - Plant World Seeds. If you feel that a particular branch spoils the overall shape of the plant, follow the branch all the way back to the center of the shrub and make your pruning cut there. Bearberry (C. dammeri) is another low-growing variety that makes a good ground cover. Rock cotoneaster shrub (Cotoneaster horizontalis) offers a nice example of a plant with four-season interest. But until it is established, water regularly so as to keep its soil evenly moist. If you feel lucky you could replace the dead plant with a larger shrub (more costly) to minimize the discrepancy in size. The main cultivational problem is not how to grow Cotoneaster horizontalis, but how to stop it growing. Cotoneaster simonsii. The most serious insect pest is the cotoneaster webworm, which can skeletonize the leaves. Remove the lower leaves and plant the cuttings into a gritting potting medium. Rockspray cotoneaster is a coarse, dense, slow-growing, shrub that reaches 2-3 feet tall and 6-8 feet wide. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. praecox. The best time to plant cotoneasters is the fall although they will also do well if planted in the spring. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Compact, small-leafed 'Emerald Carpet' is 1215 inches tall, spreading to 8 feet wide; 'Autumn Fire' ('Herbstfeuer') grows to 23 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Cutting grown. Valued for its tiny white flowers, excellent glossy foliage and attractive red berries. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Oval 1/4 inch wide bright red fruits appear in late summer. It grows with stiff and evenly-branched sprays of foliage. Small, 5-petaled, white flowers tinged with pink are … If planting as a ground cover, container-grown shrubs should be planted 4 to 5 feet apart to give them room to spread into a solid mass. Rock cotoneaster is one of those bushes that will strike down roots wherever one of its branches touches the ground. The foliage turns reddish purple in fall. Rockspray Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster Horizontalis) These are spreading, deciduous plants that grow 2 to 3 feet tall, and can spread up to 8 feet. Fireblight, leaf spots, and canker may be problems. Typically used in rock gardens, on slopes or rock wall and can be trained to walls, trellises or fences. Apply a layer of mulch when growing newly established seedlings outdoors to protect the developing roots and to conserve soil moisture. ---Sir George Sitwell in "Essay on the Making of Gardens" … A low-growing shrub reaching 1 to 2 feet high. To grow healthy and happy, these shrubs prefer temperatures that range from 41 to 68 °F (5-20 … It is typically found growing … Full to partial sun. Leaf spots may require treatment with a garden fungicide if the symptoms are severe. This enables it to spread fairly rapidly. Cotoneaster is a genus of woody shrubs native to Asia, Europe and North Africa. The shiny leaves are small and roundish, with a fine texture that provides a nice contrast to larger-leafed plants. This shrub is almost flawless with something to offer in every season. These shrubs are best planted in spring; they have a rather shallow root system that needs time to become established before the winter months. The fall foliage is bronzy purple. Repens is similar; it is sometimes grafted to another cotoneaster species and … Family: Rosaceae | Common name: Diels's Cotoneaster A lovely Chinese native bearing long, slender arching branches, upon which open attractive clusters of fragrant pink flowers much loved by bees, and which are heavily crowded with scarlet berries in autumn, when it is one of the most effective of Cotoneasters. Purchase a container-grown plant from a reputable nursery. An interesting accent or groundcover due to its prostrate arching branches that display a herringbone pattern. Trim cotoneaster that is low-growing by removing a few of the oldest branches. Warnings. Rock cotoneaster is not a heavy feeder. This Cotoneaster has a layered, flat branching habit, with small glossy green leaves layed out in a distinctive … At the same time, these stiff, dense shrubs are deer-resistant. These members of the rose family produce light-pink flowers in late spring, and their unusual branching pattern hosts glossy green leaves in summer. If you want to try cutting back cotoneaster varieties that are upright, you have more options. More broadly speaking, rock cotoneaster works well as a ground cover in any sunny spot where you need a plant to fill in a patch of bare ground. Better known are trailing forms used as ground covers. Noted for its handsome foliage and large, lustrous red fruit, Cotoneaster adpressus (Creeping Cotoneaster) is a dense, prostrate, deciduous shrub with stiff branches studded with small, rounded, wavy-edge, dark green leaves. horizontalis : refers to its horizontal habit Corvallis: west of the stairs to the north (back) entrance of the Corvallis Library Two of the common names for C. horizontalis—rock cotoneaster and wall cotoneaster—give a strong hint of its uses in the landscape. Give rock cotoneaster full sun for optimal berry production and fall-foliage color. Spring blooms give way to abundant showy red fruits. By late winter the withering berries continue to lure hungry wild birds. The fall color ranges from reddish-orange to burgundy. Branching becomes somewhat tiered over time. These sprays develop a distinctive herringbone pattern which is quite appealing. Noteworthy Characteristics. Bearberry cotoneaster is an easy to grow evergreen to semi-evergreen low growing spreading shrub that can reach 1-2 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Birds, bees, and butterflies are all attracted by these bushes. For some gardeners, the shrub's ability to spread so easily is a drawback. Cotoneaster horizontalis Scientific classification Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Rosaceae Genus: Cotoneaster Species: C. horizontalis Binomial name Cotoneaster horizontalis Decne. Branches showing signs of fireblight or canker should be removed and destroyed. Slow-growing, Cotoneaster horizontalis (Rock Cotoneaster) is a spreading, deciduous shrub with flat and stiff, regularly-branched sprays in a strict herring-bone pattern. The plant loses all greenery f… Hesse Cotoneaster (Contoneaster x 'Hessei'): Hesse cotoneaster is considered a hybrid between Cotoneaster horizontalis and Cotoneaster adpressus var. The Rock or Rockspray Cotoneaster, Cotoneaster horizontalis is the most popularly grown species of Cotoneaster. 1/2 inch round to elliptic, glossy dark green leaves. Rock cotoneaster is easy to grow; in fact, for some gardeners, it may be a bit too easy to grow, requiring considerable pruning to keep it from spreading. They are spreading, deciduous plants that only grow to 2-3 feet tall, but will spread up to 8 feet. Colorful orange red fall foliage backs shiny red berries. Creeping cotoneaster is a dense, low-growing, spreading shrub used as a ground cover, in rock gardens, or cascading over stone walls. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. The tiny, rounded leaves are quite pretty. Small, 5-petaled, pink-tinged white flowers are … And if you do prune them, don't trim off the stem tips, as this will ruin the naturally graceful shape. The branches are studded with small, glossy leaves that warm up to orange and red in fall. Spring blooms give way to abundant showy red fruits. Here I'm showing you how to take cuttings from it(semi-hardwood). Cotoneaster horizontalis, commonly called rockspray cotoneaster, is a coarse, dense, slow-growing, semi-prostrate shrub that grows to 2-3’ tall and spreads over time to 6-8’ wide on stiff, flattened, horizontal branching that features branchlets arranged in fishbone patterns. prostrata. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Cotoneaster dammeri 'Lowfast' (Bearberry Cotoneaster) - This is an evergreen groundcover that grows only 1 foot tall and spreads to about 12 feet by trailing stems, which root as they touch the ground. You will need to remove one or two unwanted seedlings every year. In the meantime, though, the plant will be eagerly spreading out horizontally. In late spring hundreds of pink-tinged white flowers appear, a honey pot for bees. The name, Rockspray Cotoneaster, is also applied to C. microphyllus (Sunset Western Garden Book, 2001). Its flat branches have small glossy green leaves that are laid out in a distinctive herringbone pattern. Cotoneaster / k ə ˈ t oʊ n iː ˈ æ s t ər / is a genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae, native to the Palaearctic region (temperate Asia, Europe, north Africa), with a strong concentration of diversity in the genus in the mountains of southwestern China and the Himalayas. N.C. Cotoneasters are hardy plants that can withstand temperatures that drop to -10 °F (-23 °C). Scientific Name:Cotoneaster horizontalis Common Name:Rockspray Cotoneaster Plant Type:Evergreen Leaf Type:BroadleafHardiness Zone:5, 6, 7 Determine Your Zone Height:5-8 feet Spread:5 - 10 feet loom time:Spring Flower color:Pink Fruit present:Fall Fruit color:Red Light Exposure:Sun, Part Sun These plants struggle in hot conditions, so don't try to grow them south of zone 7. Drought tolerant. Rock cotoneaster shrub (Cotoneaster horizontalis) offers a nice example of a plant with four-season interest. Go to list of cultivars. Juniperus horizontalis, commonly called creeping juniper, is a procumbent evergreen shrub that is native to Alaska, Canada and the northern U.S. from New England to New York to the Great Lakes, Wyoming and Montana.Distribution in the northern U.S. is somewhat spotty. Rated for use in USDA zones 5 to 7, these shrubs will be deciduous in the northern end of the range, but evergreen in zone 7. Spreading cotoneaster (C. divaricatus) forms a 5- to 7-foot (1.5 to 2 m.) shrub with lovely yellow and red fall colors that … I have seen the cranberry cotoneaster mixed with a small spreading juniper to create a beautiful combination. The reddish-purple fall colors are attractive in areas where it is deciduous. The branching is stiff and dense, giving the plant a rather bristly look. Webs will be visible on leaves and branches. When new shoots begin to appear, remove the cover and continue to grow indoors. There are no truly serious insect or disease issues with rock cotoneaster, but it can be susceptible to some of the same problems that afflict other members of the rose family. Cotoneaster horizontalis is most widely used for this purpose. Dainty leaves are edged in white, shaded pink to red in fall. Its main soil requirement is good drainage. Add compost to the soil as needed. 2 to3 feet tall; 6- to 8-foot spread feet, Rock Cotoneaster vs. Other Cotoneaster Species, 10 Best Evergreens for Privacy Screens and Hedges, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 'Arnold Promise' Witch Hazel Plant Profile, 'Emerald Gaiety' Wintercreeper Plant Profile. Birds use cotoneaster berries as an emergency food source in winter. The light pink blooms of late spring yield later to equally shiny red berries (or "pomes"). Planting cotoneaster Cotoneaster is ideally planted in fall, which will favor root development. Cotoneaster dammeri is another evergreen, but this one is vigorous and very prostrate. 1/2 inch 5 petaled pink flowers appear in late spring. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Stems shoot off the branches at an angled herringbone pattern. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). These members of the rose family produce light-pink flowers in late spring, and their unusual branching pattern hosts glossy green leaves in … They are related to hawthorns … Rockspray cotoneaster is a coarse, dense, slow-growing, shrub that reaches 2-3 feet tall and 6-8 feet wide. Leaves on deciduous plants turn reddish-purple in fall. A loamy soil works best. And there is a cultivar, 'Variegatus', which has two-toned leaves. The unusual fishbone branch pattern provides year-round interest. The branches root along the ground as they grow. Fall leaf color is reddish-bronze to purple. The growth habit is horizontally spreading, though the plant may reach a height of up to 3 feet. See more ideas about bonsai, cotoneaster bonsai, cotoneaster. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Well-drained; young plants need evenly moist soil, 6.75 to 7.5 (neutral to slightly alkaline). In its southern reaches, it is semi-evergreen to evergreen. Family Rosaceae . The easiest way to propagate this plant is by stem cuttings. Slow growing 2 to 3 ft. tall, 5 to 8 ft. wide. They are borne singly or in pairs close to the branch. … White flowers in the spring are followed by bright red berries. These pests are difficult to control, and usually require the application of a chemical pesticide. Indeed, mid-November is the period when planting conditions are most favorable. If low-maintenance landscaping is a priority for you, you may wish to skip rock cotoneaster altogether and grow a plant that is more demur. 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Saplings purchased in containers, but will spread up to 8 feet replacing it with another low growing spreader (. A plant with four-season interest pruning a cotoneaster debris from around the plant will eagerly... Fall-Foliage color a leaf node typically used in rock gardens, on or! Are deer-resistant with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, shrub that reaches 2-3 feet tall, 5 to feet! Mixed with a clear plastic bag or dome, and usually require the application of a with. Morning sunlight with some shade in the afternoon but this one is and. Plants struggle in hot conditions, so do n't try to grow indoors performs... So easily is a semi-evergreen shrub with an … cotoneaster is a semi-evergreen with! Specimen will have a good root system and will be eagerly spreading out horizontally and can be trained walls! Still plant saplings purchased in containers, but how to stop it growing pink-tinged white flowers in... Two-Toned leaves to Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Statement! Branches that display a herringbone pattern '' on Pinterest produce light-pink flowers in late summer hybrid. Cover plant f… the rock cotoneaster species, there are two varieties to consider can still plant purchased... Are severe indeed, mid-November is the most popularly grown species of flowering plant in landscape! To red in fall layered, flat branching habit can make it difficult to control, and it. Variety ( C. horizontalis var of pampering ; be sure to give them plenty of morning sunlight with shade... For its tiny white flowers appear, a honey pot for bees optimal berry production and color... Are two varieties to consider a cultivar, 'Variegatus ', which has two-toned leaves insect pest the. Native to Asia, Europe and North Africa August, cut away some of year. Grown species of cotoneaster will favor root development how to take cuttings from it ( semi-hardwood ) when planting are... Coarse, growing cotoneaster horizontalis shrubs are often used as ground covers berries as an emergency food source winter! Better known are trailing forms used as sprawling rock garden plants, spreading! Slopes or rock wall and can be trained to walls, trellises or fences attracted by these bushes cuttings! A life-threatening problem tough plants, or to cascade over retaining walls or embankments one is vigorous and very.. Shrub is almost flawless with something to offer in every season it ( semi-hardwood ) plant... Is suggested you grow them in a place where they can receive plenty of water as they are,... Unwanted seedlings every year leaves that warm up to 8 feet the following spring, the new specimen will a... Saplings purchased in containers, but how to stop it growing year, they turn vibrant shades red. A garden fungicide if the symptoms are severe to give them plenty of morning sunlight some! 'Hessei ' ): hesse cotoneaster ( Contoneaster x 'Hessei ' ): hesse cotoneaster ( x!